Top 15 Hypothyroidism Symptoms You Should Know Today!

Hypothyroidism is a medical condition where the thyroid gland produces insufficient thyroid hormone. It is also known as "low thyroid". People suffering from hypothyroidism suffers from low metabolism. Studies have shown that over 10 million Americans have hypothyroidism and there are a lot of people all over the world that are suffering from this disease but they don't know that they have it. There are two main factors that cause hypothyroidism in people, the first being "autoimmune thyroid" also called "Hashimoto's thyroid".

Hypothyroidism Symptoms

This is the medical condition is in relation with the thyroid gland where the T lymphocytes fighting against the thyroid antigens like TSH receptor, thyroglobulin etc. There are so many symptoms of hypothyroidism relating primarily to insufficient thyroid hormones. The common 15 hypothyroidism symptoms include:
  • Fatigue
  • Constipation
  • Cold
  • Hoarse voice & puffy face
  • Abnormal sensation
  • Reduced hearing
  • Overweight
  • Poor memory
  • Irritability
  • Pericardial effusion
  • Hair loss
  • Dry skin
  • Depression
  • Abnormal menstrual cycles
  • Muscle aches and cramps

Common Causes Of Hypothyroidism

The primary cause of hypothyroidism is when there is insufficient thyroid gland in the body system. Also, factors include an insufficient release of TSH(thyroid stimulating hormone) and TRH(thyrotropin-releasing hormone) from the pituitary and hypothalamus respectively. Also, primary hypothyroidism is caused when there is a deficiency of iodine in the body system.

People That Are At Fisk Of Having Hypothyroidism

People whose family have a history of the following diseases below have higher chances of being hypothyroid some say. These diseases are associated with hypothyroidism and therefore should be treated with utmost care.
  • Glaucoma
  • Goiter
  • Turner syndrome
  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Very high level of cholesterol
  • Premature gray hair
  • Have a family member that suffered from a thyroid disease
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Down syndrome
  • Celiac disease
  • Advanced sclerosis
People who have also had a family member suffering from an autoimmune disease are also at higher risk of developing hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism Symptoms In Babies

Although not all babies suffering from hypothyroidism show symptoms in general but some do and these symptoms include:
  1. Little or stunted growth
  2. Hoarse cry and constipation
  3. Jaundice
  4. Protruding tongue
  5. Puffy face
  6. Low memory
  7. Constipation
  8. Bloated stomach
  9. Sleeping too much

Diagnosing Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is more common in women who have reached their menopause stage. Research have shown that the disease is even more common in pregnant women. Generally, most physicians have advised that pregnant women should be screened for hypothyroidism. There are a couple of ways in why doctors diagnose hypothyroidism carrying out blood test but I'm only going to explain just some in this article.

You need to know that diagnosing hypothyroidism is based on the results gotten from your blod test. The blood test works by measuring the levels of TSH and T4 in your body. When the level of T4 in your system is lower than the recommended, it means you may be suffering from hypothyroidism. Although this usually differs among people, you can see some people who have a high level of TSH but yet low level of T4 in their system. This condition is known as mild or subclinical hypothyroidism. I'll advisable young women reaching the age of getting pregnant to go for checkup concerning their hypothyroid status so as to know the necessary steps to take fast.

Treating Hypothyroidism

Medical experts always prescribe a synthetically-made T4 pill which is a thyroid hormone to patients suffering from hypothyroidism. There are also other supplements and local herbs that your doctor can prescribe to you to help cure your hypothyroidism. Also, do endeavor to carry out blood tests on a regular basis so as to know the present level of your thyroid hormones.

Various Complications Surrounding Hypothyroidism

Failure in treating hypothyroidism fast can lead to more complicated medical conditions like:
  1. Infertility
  2. Heart problem
  3. Myxedema
  4. Mental illness
  5. Goiter
  6. Obesity
When a pregnant woman has hypothyroidism, there are higher chances that her unborn baby is likely to suffer from hypothyroidism too in the future. This is due to the fact during embryogenesis, babies always take up all the thyroid hormones from their mothers. And, if the mother's thyroid hormones have defected, there is a possibility that the baby will suffer from the disease too.

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