Allergic Rhinitis: Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Home Remedies

what is allergic rhinitis?

According to Wikipedia, allergic rhinitis is an inflammation of the nasal membrane which occurs as a result of an overreaction of the immune systems to certain airborne allergens. It is commonly known as hay fever and its signs and symptoms include red eyes, frequent sneezing, watery nose and swelling in the eyes region.

Allergic Rhinitis

The symptoms of hay fever are often disturbing thereby affecting concentration and sleep at night. Studies have shown that allergic rhinitis could lead to a number of other serious diseases such as atopic dermatitis, asthma, and conjunctivitis.

Causes of Allergic Rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis is often caused as a result of exposure to certain allergens in the air such as dust, molds, and pollens. The mechanism behind hay fever is simply the attaching o the IgE antibodies to the various allergens thus initiating the release of certain inflammatory chemicals such as mast cells. Pollens of plants are being carried by the wind thereby humans and other animals inhale this air thus forming an allergic symptom. The quantity of its presence in the air determines whether it can cause hay fever or not. Also, allergic rhinitis(Hay fever) is commonly associated with hot, dry areas where the temperature and amount of pollen in the air are extremely high. Apart from the allergic point of view, hay fever is often passed across families giving that when someone's parent has hay fever, there is a high possibility that the offsprings too will develop hay fever someday. It is more common between mother and offsprings.

Allergic Rhinitis Symptoms

The common symptoms of allergic rhinitis are;
  • Sore throat
  • Coughing
  • Watery eyes
  • Running nose
  • Eczema
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Hives
  • Sneezing
  • Folds around the eyes
  • Itchy eyes
You'll, as a rule, feel at least one of these side effects promptly subsequent to coming into contact with an allergen. A few indications, for example, repetitive migraines and exhaustion, may just occur after long haul introduction to allergens. Fever isn't an indication of feed fever. 

A few people encounter side effects just once in a while. This is exceedingly likely when you're presented to allergens in expansive amounts. Other individuals encounter indications throughout the entire year. Converse with your specialist about conceivable hypersensitivities if your side effects keep going for more than fourteen days and don't appear to move forward.

Diagnosing Allergic Rhinitis  

Hypersensitivity testing may uncover the particular allergens to which an individual is delicate. Skin testing is the most widely recognized technique for hypersensitivity testing. This may incorporate a fixed test to figure out whether a specific substance is bringing on the rhinitis, or an intradermal, scratch, or other tests. Less usually, the speculated allergen is broken down and dropped onto the lower eyelid as a method for testing for hypersensitivities. This test ought to be done just by a doctor since it can be unsafe if done dishonorably. In a few people not ready to experience skin testing (as controlled by the specialist), the RAST blood test might be useful in deciding particular allergen affectability. Fringe eosinophilia can be found in differential leukocyte tally. 

Hypersensitivity testing can either demonstrate sensitivities that are not really creating manifestations or miss sensitivities that do bring about indications. The intradermal hypersensitivity test is more touchy than the skin prick test, however, is all the more frequently constructive in individuals that don't have indications to that particular allergen.

Treatment for Allergic Rhinitis

The best treatment is to stay away from the dust that causes your side effects. It might be difficult to evade all dust. Be that as it may, you can regularly find a way to diminish your presentation. 

You might be endorsed drug to treat unfavorably susceptible rhinitis. The prescription your specialist endorses relies on upon your side effects and how extreme they are. Your age and whether you have other therapeutic conditions, for example, asthma, will likewise be considered. 

For mellow unfavorably susceptible rhinitis, a nasal wash can help expel bodily fluid from the nose. You can purchase a saline arrangement at a medication store or make one at home utilizing 1 glass (240 milliliters) of warm water, a large portion of a teaspoon (3 grams) of salt, and squeeze of heating pop.


These prescriptions function admirably to treat hypersensitivity manifestations. An antihistamine can be utilized when indications don't occur frequently or don't keep going long. Know about the accompanying facts: 

Numerous antihistamines taken by mouth can be purchased without a solution. 

Some can bring about sluggishness. You ought not to drive or work machines in the wake of taking this sort of medication. 

Others cause next to zero tiredness. 

Antihistamine nasal splashes function admirably to treat unfavorably susceptible rhinitis. Inquire as to whether you ought to attempt these pharmaceuticals first.


Eye drops can help ease irritation and other hypersensitivity related manifestations for a brief timeframe. Nonetheless, you ought to keep away from long haul utilization of these items. 

Abusing eye drops can bring about a bounce back impact. This implies, when you quit utilizing them after a long stretch, your side effects will be more regrettable than before you began utilizing eye drops. 

Abusing nasal splash can make a yeast contamination happen in the back of your nose. It can likewise make an opening in your nasal septum. 

Corticosteroids can likewise help with irritation or resistant reactions. These steroids are typically accessible as infusions, creams, or eye drops.

  1. Decongestants may likewise be useful for diminishing allergic rhinitis, for example, nasal stuffiness. 
  2. Try not to utilize nasal splash decongestants for over 3 days. 


Your specialist may prescribe to you - immunotherapy, on the off chance that you have extreme sensitivities. You can utilize this treatment arrange in conjunction with other 0n-the-counter prescriptions to control the allergic rhinitis symptoms you're facing. These shots diminish your insusceptible reaction to specific allergens after some time. 

A sensitivity shot regimen starts with a development stage. Amid this stage, you'll go to your allergist for a shot one to three times each week for around three to six months to give your body a chance to get used to the allergen in the shot. 

Amid the upkeep stage, you ought to see your allergist for shots about once every month through the span of three to five years. You may not see a change until over a year after the upkeep stage starts. When you achieve this point, it's conceivable that your hypersensitivity manifestations will blur or vanish out and out. 

A few people encounter serious hypersensitive responses to an allergen in their shot. Numerous allergists request that you sit tight in the workplace for 30 to 45 minutes after a shot to guarantee that you don't have an extreme or life-debilitating reaction to it.

Other Pharmaceuticals 

Leukotriene inhibitors are professionally prescribed prescriptions that bar leukotrienes. Know that leukotrienes are the chemicals the body discharges because of an allergen that additionally triggers side effects.

Best Home Remedies To Cure Your Allergic Rhinitis

Recent studies have shown that allergic rhinitis can go using nasal saline water system can enhance indications of unfavorably susceptible rhinitis. Follow the guide below:
  1. Blend 1 teaspoon of salt and a squeeze of heating pop in some warm refined water. 
  2. Utilizing a nasal knob, grunt a little measure of this arrangement into one nostril. 
  3. Permit the answer for depleting pull out through the other nostril or through the mouth. 
  4. Delicately clean out your nose to evacuate overabundance bodily fluid and arrangement. 
  5. Take after this same procedure with the other nostril. 
  6. Keep using it day by day until your condition progresses.

Breathing in steam all the time will help clear the nasal entries of abundance bodily fluid and any aggravations. This thusly will help dispose of unfavorably susceptible rhinitis side effects, for example, wheezing, runny nose and sore throat. 
  1. Pour bubbling water in a major bowl. 
  2. Include 3 or 4 drops of any fundamental oil of your decision like eucalyptus, peppermint, rosemary or tea tree oil. 
  3. Cover your head with a towel and incline painstakingly over the bowl. 
  4. Profoundly breathe in the steam for 5 to 10 minutes, then clean out your nose completely. 
  5. Try this a few times each day until you recoup totally.

Turmeric is a decent thought. It is a capable cancer prevention agent and calming specialist with safe boosting properties. It can help diminish side effects of hypersensitive rhinitis like clog, hack, dry mouth and wheezing. 
  1. Set up a blend with 6 tablespoons each of turmeric powder and crude nectar. Blend well and store it in a sealed shut compartment. Have 1 teaspoon of this blend 2 times day by day amid the hypersensitivity season. 
  2. On the other hand, drink 1 glass of warm turmeric drain every day to keep your resistant framework solid. 
  3. You can likewise utilize turmeric in your cooking and other daily meals you partake of.

Apple juice vinegar is another viable solution for unfavorably susceptible rhinitis because of its anti-microbial and antihistamine properties. It can help lessen the power of side effects like incessant sniffling, nasal blockage, cerebral pains and others. Besides, it assumes a key part in controlling the body's resistant reaction framework. 
  1. Include 2 teaspoons of natural, unfiltered apple juice vinegar to a glass of warm water. 
  2. Blend in 1 teaspoon each of nectar and lemon juice. 
  3. Drink this 3 times day by day amid the sensitivity season or until you can rest easy.
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